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May an LLC Manager Be a Minor?

Hand drawn workflow diagram representing an LLC manager whi is a minor

This post discusses whether an LLC manager (the person who manages a limited liability company) may be a minor.

In May a Minor Form an LLC?, I discussed whether the organizer of an LLC may be a minor. In that post, I noted that only five states – Colorado, Illinois, Minnesota, Oregon and Texas – prohibit a minor from organizing an LLC. So, those are the states to which I paid the closest attention in writing this post. (more…)

May a Minor Be a Partner?

Logo for Avvo, where Dana Shultz answered a question about: May a minor be a partner in a partnership?This post answers the following question: May a minor be a partner (in a partnership legal entity)? It is based on my answer to an Avvo question. Please see In California, can a minor be a partner in a General Partnership?

As initially written, this answer applied solely to California. However, an update, below, discusses applicability to other states. (more…)

May a Minor Form an LLC?

Photo of cheering children, symbolizing "May a minor form an LLC?This post – asking “May a minor form an LLC?” – is a companion to May a Minor Form a Corporation?

I have been wanting to write this post for more than two years, ever  since writing the corporation post referenced above. However, as  explained further below, I felt uncomfortable doing so because I was  somewhat unsure of the answer. (more…)

May a Minor Form a Corporation?

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz addressed "May a minor form a corporation?"

This post asking may a minor form a corporation is based on my answer to a Quora question. Please see Can a little kid register a company in United States?

Answer: States differ as to whether they let a minor form a corporation (i.e., whether a minor can act as an incorporator).

For example, Michigan, according to a 1981 Attorney General opinion, does not let a minor form a corporation. A footnote in that opinion lists 31 other jurisdictions whose incorporation statutes (as of that time) variously require that incorporators either be at least 18 years old or have the capacity to contract. As of the date of that opinion, those jurisdiction were:

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Contracts with Minors can Lead to Major Problems

Photo of a child pringing "A", symbolizing contracts with minorsI recently was consulted concerning contracts with minors. In the first case, a teenager wanted to start a business. In the second, a father wanted his child to become a member of his limited liability company (LLC).

Here is an overview of California law concerning contracts with minors.

A minor is an individual who is under 18 years of age. An adult is an individual who is 18 years of age or older. Family Code Sections 6500-6501

Subject to certain exceptions (some of which are far-reaching, such as those precluding contracts related to real property or personal property not in the minor’s immediate possession or control), minors may enter into agreements. Family Code Sections 6700-6701

However, the minor generally may disaffirm (reject) the agreement before reaching majority, or during a reasonable time thereafter. Family Code Sections 6710-6713

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