Assignment and delegation are terms that have specific meanings in U.S. contract law. I am basing this post on a Quora answer that I wrote recently. Please seeÂ What are assignment and delegation in contract law?
In contract law, â€œassignmentâ€ can have a narrower meaning and a broader meaning. To start, I will discuss theÂ narrowerÂ meaning.
Assignment and Delegation as Opposites
The terms â€œassignmentâ€ and â€œdelegationâ€ are opposite sides of the same coin.
â€œAssignmentâ€ refers to transferring some or all of oneâ€™sÂ rightsÂ under an agreement to someone else.Â Example:Â I assigned my right to receive payments under the contract to my mother.
â€œDelegationâ€ refers to transferring some or all of oneâ€™sÂ obligationsÂ under an agreement to someone else.Â Example:Â I delegated my performance obligations under the contract to a subcontractor.
Assignment as a Broader Term
TheÂ broaderÂ meaning of â€œassignmentâ€ is to transfer an entire contract, including all rightsÂ andÂ obligations, to someone else.Â Example:Â Once our company was purchased, all customer contracts were assigned to the acquirer.
For an idea of how assignment and delegation are defined and treated in contracts among merchants, seeÂ.
Check out all posts about assignment.
This is part of Dana Shultzâ€™sÂÂ series of questions and answers about legal issues, concepts and terminology.
Dana H. Shultz, Attorney at Law +1 510-547-0545 dana [at] danashultz [dot] com
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