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© 2009-2017 Dana H. Shultz, Attorney at Law

DBA – Notice, but No Protection

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about a DBA providing notice but not protectionThis post discusses the purpose of a DBA (which is an abbreviation for “doing business as”). This expands upon a Quora answer that I wrote recently. Please see Can someone use my DBA if I operate as a sole proprietor?

Terminology

To start, I will note that business people frequently use the term “DBA”. It is short and easy to say, and people readily understand it. (more…)

Which Types of Intellectual Property Can Protect an Idea?

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about types of intellectual property protectionThis post explains why the various types of intellectual property (“IP”) cannot protect a mere idea. However, IP may protect items that one creates based on such an idea.

I first wrote about this subject on Quora. Please see Which types of intellectual property protection can I receive for my idea? (more…)

What is a Corporation’s Incorporation Date?

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about a corporation's incorporation dateThis post explains how a state assigns a corporation’s incorporation date and how you can find the incorporation date for a given corporation. I first wrote about this in my answer to a Quora question. Please see What is the date of incorporation? Is it the date the articles of incorporation are adopted and signed, or when the state agency accepts them (USA)? (more…)

Can We Have a Corporate Incorporator?

Sample Articles of Corporation for blog post about the corporate incorporatorMost of us think about an individual being the party that forms a corporation. As an alternative, this post discusses the corporate incorporator, i.e., a corporation that forms another corporation. (For information about incorporators generally, please see What Does an Incorporator Do? )

To start, I wondered whether various states’ statutes permit a corporate incorporator. (more…)

Units are to LLCs as Shares are to Corporations

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about LLC unitsI am writing this post about limited liability company (LLC) units because of a question that I answered on Quora. Please see Why would an operating agreement for an LLC have a Schedule A and also a quantity of Class A interests?

LLC Membership Interests: Percentages

We can specify LLC membership interests in either of two ways. (more…)

At-will Employment – Why It Is the Norm in the U.S.

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about at-will employmentAt-will employment permits either an employer or an employee to terminate their relationship at any time for almost any reason. This post explains why at-will employment is the norm in the U.S.

I am basing this post on a Quora question that I answered recently. Please see Why are labour laws governing companies almost non existent in North America, compared to Europe?  (more…)

You Can’t Just Stop Being a Shareholder

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about how you can't just stop being a shareholderThis post explains why, in the U.S., one can’t just stop being a shareholder. I decided to write it after addressing this issue on Quora. Please see Corporate Law: What is the best method to abandon stock in a private company? (more…)

Creativity and Copyright

Copyright Office logo fo Dana Shultz post about creativity and copyrightCreativity is important socially and aesthetically. It also is required for a work to be copyrightable.

The Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices is the administrative manual of the Register of Copyrights. The Compendium concerns Title 17 of the United States Code and Chapter 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations. (more…)

What Does It Mean to Hold X Shares?

Logo for Quora, where Dana Shultz answered a question about what it means to hold X shares in a companyI am writing this post because of a Quora question that I answered. Please see What does it mean when you have X shares in a company?

Before addressing the significance of the number of shares, I will address the significance of shareholding, generally. (more…)

What Are My Entity’s Compliance Obligations?

Frequently, the first service I provide to a client is to form a new legal entity (corporation or limited liability company). And frequently, once that entity is formed, the client’s first question is “What are my entity’s compliance obligations?”

This post provides a high-level answer to that question.

(If you form a corporation in California, you can find additional information in the Postincorporation Matters document on the Downloads page – image above.) (more…)